Daily Update: April 28, 2022 – S&P Global

On February 28, 2022, S&P Global completed its merger with IHS Markit, the next step in delivering data, technology and expertise that accelerates progress.
As great as last year was for our company, in many ways 2022 is shaping up to be even better. In February, we closed a transformative merger with IHS Markit. We believe combining our two companies will create substantial long-term value for all our stakeholders.
The S&P Global Foundation is about much more than philanthropy—we are about making a difference by finding and developing essential connections between the knowledge- and skill-driven work of S&P Global and the needs of society.
As of August 2022, the total market capitalization of cryptocurrencies stood at $1.1 trillion (down from its all-time high of $3 trillion), or about 2.5% of the U.S. equity market capitalization. Nevertheless, we believe that crypto assets and blockchain technology are here to stay.
COP27 is intended to be an opportunity for countries to report on the progress of their goals under the Paris Agreement on climate change to limit global temperature rises to 2 degrees C above preindustrial levels, and ideally to 1.5 degrees.
Cyberthreats are no longer an emerging risk and as such, need to be an embedded part of an entity’s overall risk management profile, updated as threats evolve. In an ever-more-connected world, the risk of systemic attacks resulting in damaging financial and reputational consequences keeps increasing. How insurers respond to this risk may also have far-reaching consequences, particularly should they move to exclude systemic attacks from claims.
Daily Update: April 28, 2022
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Start every business day with our analyses of the most pressing developments affecting markets today, alongside a curated selection of our latest and most important insights on the global economy.

Markets Anticipate Volatile Times Ahead
With intense geopolitical tensions and rapidly evolving monetary policy, global markets look likely to experience significant turbulence this year. Market movements are indicative of both debt and equities investors’ inflation and war concerns—and expectations that more volatility is coming.
Against the backdrop of market uncertainty in the first quarter spurred by the U.S. Federal Reserve’s sooner-and-stronger quantitative tightening and the ripple effects of the Russia-Ukraine conflict, S&P Global Ratings expects financing conditions to notably constrict this year—with global bond issuance set to decline by nearly 5%. The Chicago Board Options Exchange’s Volatility Index, or Wall Street’s so-called fear gauge, continues to creep above the high level of 30. And the Risk Appetite Index from S&P Global’s Investment Manager Index monthly survey remained in deeply negative territory at -29% this month—marking the second-highest degree of risk aversion recorded since the survey began in October 2020.
Monetary policy tightening, geopolitical uncertainties, and a slowing of global growth remain the biggest risks to the market.  
“It’s been hard to find a bright spot so far this month as market sentiment has been firmly ‘risk off,’ with expectations of future volatility creeping higher,” Benedek Vörös, director of index investment strategy at S&P Dow Jones Indices, said in a market note today.
Deteriorating conditions across credit markets are increasing risks for weaker borrowers, but IHS Markit, part of S&P Global, believes current issuance has signaled that markets aren’t experiencing widespread dislocation and have maintained tolerance for a range of risks. Overall, U.S. companies appear to be well-positioned to keep their debt burdens under control as the Fed raises rates, on the back of investment-grade-rated U.S. nonfinancial corporations having deleveraged further in the final quarter of last year, according to S&P Global Market Intelligence.
Today is Thursday, April 28, 2022, and here is today’s essential intelligence.

Written by Molly Mintz. 

Economic Research: Weather Warning: Assessing Countries’ Vulnerability To Economic Losses From Physical Climate Risks

In an exploratory scenario analysis of the vulnerability and readiness of 135 countries to climate change over the next 30 years, S&P Global Ratings finds that physical climate risks could expose 3.3%, 4%, and 4.5% of world GDP to losses by 2050 under climate pathways RCP2.6 (Paris Agreement), RCP4.5 (current policies), and RCP8.5, assuming no adaptation and all risks materialize simultaneously.
—Read the full report from S&P Global Ratings

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Credit Trends: Global Financing Conditions: Bond Issuance Looks Set To Contract Almost 5% In 2022 As Conditions Tighten Quickly

S&P Global Ratings Research expects global bond issuance to contract about 4.9% in 2022. It previously raised the possibility that the Federal Reserve could raise interest rates more quickly than expected in response to inflation, and after one quarter, it appears most market participants and members of the Fed’s Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) agree. Interest rates have risen rapidly thus far in 2022, and bond issuance has so far had mixed responses, depending on the sector.
—Read the full report from S&P Global Ratings

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Infographic: Food Inflation Hits All-Time High, Fuels Security Risks

Russia’s war on Ukraine has pushed food and energy prices to fresh highs, triggering food security concerns and putting pressure on households worldwide. Food supply chains are being forced to reroute at great cost as major importers of grains and oilseeds look to cover for stoppages of essential food exports from the Black Sea ports. Global food prices hit their highest level in March since 1990, when the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization started recording this data.
—Read the full article from S&P Global Commodity Insights

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IPCC Report Outlines Decarbonization Pathways, Warns Of Stranded Assets

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s latest report on decarbonization pathways sounds the alarm that unless the world moves faster to make sweeping emissions reductions, it will be locked into a global warming trajectory with exponentially higher losses and damage for businesses, nature, and society. The report issued April 4 is the third installment of the IPCC’s current climate assessment cycle and provides a stark reminder that the world is likely to overshoot 1.5 degrees C (2.7 F) warming relative to preindustrial levels and, without immediate action, is on pace to go over 2 degrees C (3.6 F). At the same time, the IPCC wrote that the use of technologies that can remove carbon from the atmosphere could help return the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees C by the end of the century.
—Read the full article from S&P Global Sustainable1

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Marine Gasoil Prices Spike As Russia’s Middle Distillate Squeeze Spills Onto European Waters

Marine gasoil prices in the Amsterdam-Rotterdam-Antwerp hub are spiking and there appears little let up in the supply squeeze of the fuel crucial for ships staying compliant with sulfur standards in the European waters. Delivered MGO at Rotterdam reached $1,340 April 21, surging 30.7% in two weeks. Levels across the Mediterranean climbed to similar highs. Prices have dipped since, with S&P Global Commodity Insights assessing the Rotterdam value at $1,243/mt April 26. Ships trading in designated emission control areas across Europe must use fuel with 0.1% sulfur, namely MGO, rather than other higher sulfur bunker fuels. MGO comes from the middle distillates family but often lags in terms of profitability. European refiners are also prioritizing output of diesel and jet ahead of gasoil that has further eaten into MGO supply.
—Read the full article from S&P Global Commodity Insights

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Elon Musk’s $44B Twitter Deal Ranks Among Tech’s Largest Transactions

Billionaire tech executive Elon Musk’s $44 billion deal for Twitter Inc. ranks as the fifth-largest technology transaction in recent decades, according to 451 Research’s M&A KnowledgeBase. The transaction value far surpasses other recent large social media deals, including Microsoft Corp.’s $26.4 billion purchase of professional networking service LinkedIn Corp. in 2016 and Facebook’s $19 billion acquisition of mobile messaging platform WhatsApp Inc. in 2014.
—Read the full article from S&P Global Market Intelligence

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