India's Role in the Governance of Global South – Drishti IAS

This editorial is based on “India and the new global order” which was published in Indian Express on 16/01/2023. It talks about India’s role in the advancement of interests of global south.
For Prelims: G20 summit, Cold War, poverty, inequality, climate change, Non-Aligned Movement, Group-77, Russia-Ukraine war, Belt and Road Initiative, Covid-19, Global South
For Mains: India and the Global Governance Shifts, India and its Neighbourhood, Groupings & Agreements Involving India and/or Affecting India’s Interests, Effect of Policies & Politics of Countries on India’s Interests
In an attempt to balance the West and with an Eye on the North, India is hoping to rally the ‘South’. The theme of the recently held two-day virtual Voice of the Global South 2023 Summit – “Unity of Voice, Unity of Purpose” – is India’s attempt to add another note to the chorus of the global order.
The virtual forum has provided valuable inputs from the Global South that could facilitate India’s ambition to steer the G20 2023 summit in Delhi successfully.
The forum is also about India reconnecting with a global group of nations that had fallen off the Indian foreign policy radar since the end of the Cold War.
Over the last three decades, Indian diplomacy’s focus has been on reordering its great power relations, bringing stability to the neighbourhood and developing regional institutions in the extended neighbourhood.
Drishti Mains Question
Considering the challenges, what kind of foreign policy approach can India adopt in this era of global political change?

Q. In which one of the following groups are all the four countries members of G20?
(a) Argentina, Mexico, South Africa and Turkey
(b) Australia, Canada, Malaysia and New Zealand
(c) Brazil, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Vietnam
(d) Indonesia, Japan, Singapore and South Korea
Ans: (a)
Q. ‘The long-sustained image of India as a leader of the oppressed and marginalised nations has disappeared on account of its new found role in the emerging global order.’ Elaborate. (2019)

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